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The ancient art of stone lettering: An exciting journey into current and future trends

The ancient art of stone lettering: An exciting journey into current and future trends

Stone lettering has evolved throughout history, from ancient civilizations to the artistic flowering of the Renaissance and with technological innovations today. Enter into this exciting journey and learn about the techniques, tools, and styles that have marked the development of this noble art.

In the origins of lettering in stone, ancient civilizations were already capturing their legacy in imposing monuments and structures. Egypt, Greece and Rome, among others, used stone carving to engrave lasting and symbolic messages. With rudimentary tools such as hammers and chisels, the craftsmen of the time gave life to typographies and classical styles that have survived to the present day.

herramientas antiguas para tallar piedra

The Renaissance, a period of great artistic and cultural flourishing in Europe, brought with it important advances in stone lettering. Innovations in carving and engraving allowed for greater precision and detail in lettering, thanks to the introduction of steel tools of greater quality and strength. The influence of printing and the art of calligraphy also left their mark, with typographers and calligraphers collaborating with lapidaries to create new styles and typefaces.

Architecture and design also played a crucial role in the renaissance of stone lettering. Emblematic artists and architects of the time, such as Brunelleschi, Alberti and Michelangelo, used stone inscriptions on their majestic works, conveying messages of power, religion, and humanism. The integration of stone lettering with architectural elements and artistic composition led to the creation of iconic works that continue to amaze the world to this day.

lettering en elementos arquitectónicos

Specialized tools for stone lettering


On the other hand, stone lettering has evolved to adapt to contemporary trends and styles, ranging from minimalist and abstract designs to the incorporation of geometric elements and innovative typographies, while maintaining its essence as a reflection of human creativity. The revaluation of craftsmanship in the modern era has boosted interest in this art, fostering the formation of new generations of artisans. Likewise, e-commerce specialized in stone carving tools has thrived thanks to the digital transformation. Offering innovative solutions and expanding the reach and visibility of stone lettering, creating opportunities for artisans and companies involved in this market, thus enriching the global artisan community.


Technological advancement has taken the art of stone lettering to new heights, providing artisans with cutting-edge materials and tools that simplify and optimize their work. With the incorporation of power tools, pneumatic tools, laser technologies and Computer Numerical Control (CNC), endless creative possibilities have been unleashed in the realm of carving and engraving. In addition, the digital age has driven the integration of disruptive technologies such as 3D printing, virtual and augmented reality, and digital design tools, transforming the way artisans interact with stone and expanding stone lettering into the digital environment. This has given rise to virtual courses and workshops, as well as communities and support networks that connect artisans around the world.


Specialized tools for getting into stone lettering vary according to the needs of each project, with the stone being worked on determining the type of tool required. As the stones become harder and more demanding, the tools will require a widia tip. Among the tools that can be used are manual tools, accompanied by a small hammer or Portuguese mallet, pneumatic tools, which make our work easier, and electric tools with diamond tools such as mini discs and milling cutters.


unnamed 1

Among the tools available, we can mention hammers of different weights and shapes, high quality chisels, both steel and widia. There are also pointed chisels, hand claw chisels, electric and pneumatic tools, finishing and polishing tools, measuring and scribing tools, supports and specific easels. Safety and security materials and accessories, digital design software and applications, and laser and CNC technology equipment are available to complement these. These tools allow artisans to explore, experiment and create masterpieces in stone with greater ease and precision, while fostering innovation and collaboration in the field of stone lettering.


unnamed 2

Stone lettering also has a profound psychological impact on those who practice it. The emotional connection to the stone and the creative process fosters a unique relationship between the artisan and his or her work. In addition, it offers therapeutic and cognitive benefits, such as increased concentration, promotion of creativity and personal development to all who practice it. 

Not only does it allow the artist to express their emotions, thoughts and personal experiences in a tangible and lasting way, but they also cultivate skills and attributes. These enrich their lives and allow them to successfully meet the challenges and opportunities that come their way, with learning and honing skills in stone lettering can teach artists the importance of patience, perseverance and personal growth.

By focusing on the carving and engraving process, artists immerse themselves in a state of flow that calms the mind and relieves stress. This meditative approach also strengthens problem-solving skills and improves fine motor coordination and spatial perception. By facing creative and technical challenges, artisans experience an increase in self-esteem and self-confidence.

Stone lettering is an ancient art that has transcended time and borders, leaving its mark on human history and in the hearts of countless generations of artisans. From its origins in ancient civilizations to the technological innovations of the digital era, this noble art has evolved and prospered, adapting to contemporary trends and styles without losing its essence and charm.

Technological advancement has expanded creative possibilities and facilitated access to tools and resources for stone lettering artisans, connecting communities and fostering global collaboration and knowledge sharing. In addition, the practice of stone lettering offers therapeutic and cognitive benefits, enriching the lives of those who practice it and cultivating skills that transcend the artistic realm.

By continuing to explore and celebrate the exciting world of stone lettering, we not only honor the legacy of our ancestors, but also contribute to keeping alive an art that continues to captivate and inspire new generations. As lovers of art and creativity, we have a responsibility to preserve and enhance this cultural heritage, sharing its beauty and meaning with the world.

Funerary art, techniques, tools, and R&D

Funerary art, techniques, tools, and R&D

Have you ever stopped to think about the beauty of funerary art?

Funerary art is a discipline that has involved over the years, reaching levels of detail and perfection that leave one speechless, becoming a unique artistic expression. In this article, we will focus on its techniques and tools, as well as the latest trends in R&D.

Funerary art in history

Funerary art is an art form that dates back to the time of the Egyptians, who built majestic pyramids as funerary monuments for their pharaohs. Since then, this discipline has evolved and expanded to different cultures and eras, with the creation of monuments and objects to honor and remember the deceased.

arte funerario 1

The techniques used in funerary art are varied and require a high degree of skill and precision. They have evolved over time, and we can find everything from tools for stone carving, metal casting, and painting, to the use of diamond drills and laser technology to create more detailed and personalized funerary monuments and objects.

One of the most common disciplines in this art is stone carving, where artists use manual and pneumatic tools such as chisels, punches, hammers, hand claw chisels, among others. In order to shape funerary monuments and create headstones with intricate designs with great detail. Using different techniques such as engraving, lettering, relief carving or sculptures, artists achieve a personal, warm sensation.

Funerary art techniques

The techniques used in funerary art are varied and require a high degree of skill and precision. The most common are casting, where molten metal is used to create monuments and statues, or painting, which is used to add color and details to funerary monuments. Artists use a variety of techniques, such as watercolors, oils, and acrylics, to produce light and shadow effects and bring sculptures to life.

Funerary art has not been left behind in terms of innovation and technological development. Nowadays, companies in the sector are incorporating technology to create more detailed and personalized funerary monuments and objects.

One of the most recent innovations in funerary art is the use of laser technology to engrave images and designs on headstones or funerary monuments. In addition, CAD (computer-aided design) technology is being used to create detailed 3D designs of funerary monuments and objects, allowing artists to work with greater precision and detail.

Another area of R&D within funerary art is the use of sustainable and environmentally friendly materials in the creation of funerary monuments and objects. Materials such as wood, bamboo, and recycled glass are being used to create more sustainable funerary monuments and objects.

Funerary art is a unique discipline that has evolved over the years, adapting to new technologies and materials. Combining artistic skill, technology, and innovative materials to create works of art that honor and remember loved ones in a unique and moving way.

For funerary art companies, it is important to stay up to date on the latest innovations in the industry and use them in their work. It is also important to have an online presence and optimize content on their website to improve their Google ranking, to stand out among the competition and attract more customers.

In summary, funerary art is a discipline that continues to evolve and adapt to the needs and demands of customers. Companies in the sector must be aware of the importance of their work and use innovative technology and materials to create unique and personalized works of art that honor and remember loved ones in a special way. Each work of art is a story that will endure over time and transmit the legacy of those who have passed.

Cladding of facades with natural stone: Advantages, tools and latest innovations

Cladding of facades with natural stone: Advantages, tools and latest innovations

Walls are a fundamental element in decorating a home or office, and covering them with natural stone is a popular and effective way to improve their appearance and functionality. In addition, natural stone wall cladding offers numerous benefits, including its resistance to water, fire and stains, as well as the ability to increase property value and improve indoor air quality.

In this post, we'll explore everything you need to know about natural stone wall cladding, from the different types of stone used to the steps involved in installing and caring for it. Additionally, for builders looking to diversify their services and take advantage of new profitable opportunities, we will present some ideas for offering innovative and sustainable construction services.

Read on to find out how natural stone wall cladding can enhance your home or office and how you can take advantage of new opportunities in the construction market.

Types of natural stone for wall cladding

Natural stone wall cladding offers a wide variety of design options as there are different types of natural stone available. Some of the most popular types of natural stone for wall cladding include granite, marble, travertine, quartz, and slate.

  • Granite is a very resistant and durable natural stone, with a wide variety of colors and textures available. It is ideal for cladding exterior walls due to its weather resistance and its ability to withstand heavy loads.
  • Marble, on the other hand, is an elegant and sophisticated natural stone that is ideal for covering interior walls. It is available in a wide range of colors and textures and has a smooth, luxurious finish.
  • Travertine is a porous and permeable natural stone that provides a warm, rustic look to clad walls. It is ideal for lining interior and exterior walls, especially in hot and dry climates.
  • Quartz is a strong and durable natural stone that is ideal for cladding interior and exterior walls. It is highly resistant to stains and has a modern and elegant appearance.
  • Slate is a strong and durable natural stone that provides a natural, rustic look to clad walls. It is ideal for cladding exterior walls due to its weather resistance and its ability to withstand heavy loads.

Natural stone wall cladding offers a wide variety of design options, with different types of natural stone available to suit any style and need. Consult a professional to find the right type of natural stone to fit your project.

Benefits of wall cladding with natural stone

Natural stone wall cladding offers numerous benefits, making it an excellent option for those looking to improve the appearance and functionality of their home or office. Some of the main benefits of natural stone wall cladding include:

Water resistance: Natural stone is resistant to water, which makes it ideal for cladding walls in wet areas, such as bathrooms and kitchens.

resistencia de muros de piedras al agua

Fire resistance: Some types of natural stone, such as granite, are resistant to fire, making them an excellent choice for cladding in fire-prone areas.

resistencia de muros de piedras al fuego

Stain Resistance: Natural stone is stain resistant and easy to clean, making it ideal for cladding in areas prone to dirt, such as entryways and high-traffic areas.

muro de piedra sucio

Added value to the property: Wall cladding with natural stone can increase the value of a property, which makes it an excellent option for those looking to improve the return on their investment.

Improving Air Quality: Natural stone is a porous material that helps absorb moisture and remove pollutants from the air, which can improve indoor air quality in a room.

Natural stone wall cladding offers a wide variety of benefits, making it an excellent option for those looking to improve the appearance and functionality of their home or office.

Installation of wall cladding with natural stone

The installation of natural stone wall cladding is a detailed and specialized process that should be performed by a professional with experience in natural stone installation. Some aspects to take into account during the installation of the wall covering with natural stone are:

Surface Preparation: Prior to installation, the wall surface must be clean and free of any loose or contaminating material that may affect mortar adhesion.

Mortar Selection: Selection of the proper mortar is critical to ensuring that the stone veneer adheres properly to the wall. The mortar must be compatible with the type of natural stone used and have adequate strength to support the load of the coating.

Selection of the right Tools: The use of the right tools is essential for its placement, such as rubber hammers, mallets, scalers, chisels, rulers, levels and diamond discs. The rubber mallet is a useful tool for setting the stone, the scaler for shaping, and the chisel or diamond discs for cutting the stone. We must not forget the measurement elements such as rulers, levels, ropes, plumb lines, used to ensure that it is placed evenly.


Stone placement: The stone must be carefully placed in the mortar to ensure a uniform and level installation, to help us we can count on the rubber hammer. It is important to take into account the desired design pattern and the distribution of the pieces to achieve the best aesthetic result. Being able to use the diamond disc to polish the stone and eliminate any irregularities.

Sealing and Finishing: Once stone veneer is installed, it must be properly sealed and finished to protect it from moisture and staining. Sealing must be done according to the manufacturer's instructions, and the finish must be uniform and aesthetically pleasing.

The installation of natural stone wall cladding is a specialized process that must be carried out by a professional with experience in the installation of natural stone, in order to bring out the full potential of stone in your project.

Care and maintenance of walls covered with natural stone

Proper care and maintenance of walls clad with natural stone is essential to ensure its beauty and durability. Some aspects to take into account for the care and maintenance of walls covered with natural stone are:

Regular Cleaning: Walls clad with natural stone should be cleaned regularly to remove dust, dirt, and any other material that may accumulate on the surface. Cleaning should be done with soft, non-abrasive products to avoid damaging the surface of the stone.

Moisture Protection: Walls clad with natural stone can absorb moisture, which can damage the stone and affect its appearance. To protect the walls from moisture, it is recommended to apply a suitable sealant according to the manufacturer's instructions.

Damage Prevention: Walls clad with natural stone must be protected from any potential damage, such as bumps or scratches. It is important to avoid using harsh chemicals and not to use sharp or abrasive tools on the surface of the stone.

Regular inspection: It is important to carry out a regular inspection to detect any damage or signs of wear. If any problems are detected, they must be addressed immediately to prevent them from getting worse.

Proper care and maintenance of walls clad with natural stone is essential to ensure its beauty and durability.

Diversification of services for builders

Service diversification is an important strategy for any builder who wants to stay competitive and take advantage of new business opportunities. Here are some ideas a builder might consider to diversify their services and take advantage of new opportunities:

Installation of green roofs: The installation of green roofs can be a cost-effective and different way to diversify your services and attract clients who are looking for greener and more sustainable constructions.

techos verdes

Energy Efficiency Services: Offering energy efficiency services, such as solar panel installation, can be a cost-effective way to diversify services and attract customers seeking more sustainable and cost-effective solutions.

eficiencia energética

It is important to consider what services are in demand in your area and how you can differentiate yourself from the competition. In addition, it is essential to take into account the necessary training and the costs associated with the diversification of services. By exploring new opportunities, a builder can improve their profitability and remain competitive in an ever-changing market.


In conclusion, natural stone wall cladding is a popular and effective option for enhancing the appearance and functionality of a room. The benefits of natural stone include its resistance to water, fire and stains, its ability to increase property value and improve indoor air quality.

In addition, the diversification of services for builders can offer profitable and disruptive opportunities to expand their service portfolios and differentiate themselves from the competition. Disruptive ideas include installing green roofs, building container homes, offering home automation services, and improving the energy efficiency of buildings.

Ultimately, it's important for builders to work with trusted suppliers and focus on customer satisfaction to ensure the long-term success of their business. By offering high-quality and innovative services, builders can attract a loyal and profitable customer base in an increasingly competitive market.



In this article, we want to talk about the types of masonry that are used in construction. But firstly, we would like you to know that masonry is one of the oldest construction methods known to humans. There are unique or historical structures scattered around the world that still persists over time thanks to the way they are built. This construction system is essential in some buildings to ensure resistance and durability. 

The technique used for this system is to overlap materials such as bricks, concrete blocks, sheets, or rocks when building a wall, parameter, or division. To adhere one material to another, it is necessary to use a mixture of water, lime, or cement to finally obtain a solid structure. Currently, there are different types of masonry. 

Each one differs by the materials used and some other aspects. For example, wedges are often used in masonry to adjust and level the stones or blocks of masonry during the construction process. Now that we know what masonry construction is and how it works, we will proceed to know, in the following section, the types of masonry that exist.



This masonry system is based on the use of lime or cement mortars, assuming that the stones must adapt to each other as much as possible to leave the smallest space of gaps or rat-holes to be filled with mortar.


In this type of masonry, no mortar is used, so it is considered a type of masonry without reinforcement. The technique of this traditional construction consists of the manual placement of materials or elements that are superimposed without any type of filling, coating, or sealing. The small gaps that are left free are usually filled with very small stones called ripios.

 It is highly valued, thanks to the fact that its decorative character comes from the use of already worked stones (polished, cut and varnished). In fact, we can enjoy this type of masonry in parks or large avenues. 


 Stone masonry consists of creating walls or pillars using natural stones that may be previously treated or chamfered. In fact, one of the difficulties to consider in the construction with stone masonry is the irregularity in shape and dimension of the natural stone. But on the other hand, it is this fact that gives it its characteristic and valued appearance today.


In this type of masonry, the walls are built with bricks and fixed with mortar formed in columns, which are reinforced from the ground with beams fixed and filled with concrete.

This type of masonry is used especially in constructions that have quite high heights and also to support roofs. On the outside, it can resist horizontal walls on top of it and has the capacity to withstand wind shocks.


It is a masonry in which the construction elements are placed in a polygonal way, keeping their faces together at all times. For a correct appearance the exterior pieces must be placed preserving the polygonal aspect. 

In order to achieve the effect of rubble masonry, it is necessary that the contact surfaces are flat and equal, thus achieving a pattern that combines square and rectangular looking masonry.

This technique stands out as one of the most elegant and refined masonry solutions. The type of mortar that is usually used to join the pieces together is cement, allowing the space between each piece to be effectively covered.


Taking stock of all the characteristics offered by the masonry technique, we would highlight, without any doubt, its great durability and good resistance. For this reason, mainly, this technique has become over the years one of the most used in construction works. Even so, it is normal for it to suffer some pathologies due to the passage of time, excessive overloads, changes in humidity, deformations, and sometimes fissures and cracks, which will have to be repaired.

We hope you have enjoyed this first contact with the world of masonry construction, its types and some examples. 

And remember, you can contact us for any questions or doubts you may have.

We are at your disposal!

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 In this article we are going to focus on wedges, which are those hand tools that will help us to break the stone for later use in our sculptures or places where we are doing construction work.

In previous posts of our Rock&Tools blog we talked about pneumatic tools, advantages, types, safety and maintenance, their types and how to clean them. They are also useful for splitting stone, but in this case we will delve into the use of wedges, given the versatility they offer us to work easily.

In addition, on our Rock&Tools website you will find a wide range of wedges, which we will explain below.


Before we begin, we should know that wedges are considered to be triangular-shaped pieces of wood or metal, that is to say, they are finished in point, perfectly prepared to separate two solid bodies or to divide a solid body, such as stone.

Among the best known types of wedges, we highlight the splitting or separating wedges and the solid wedges. However, we will now go on to detail all the existing types of wedges.


culas separadoras para los tipos de materiales



As we have just mentioned, there are two main types of wedges: splitting or separating wedges and solid wedges. Next, we will see the characteristics of each one of them.

Splitting wedges

The splitting or separating wedges, also known as expanding wedges, are composed of three pieces, two lateral pieces and a central piece, which is hit by a hammer or a mallet.  This type of wedge is usually used to split larger stones into two parts.

It is advisable to use several wedges to break the stone. Later, we will see in more detail some types of stone and how to work with it. Although we advance you that we can distribute the wedges on the stone placing them in such a way that they leave a span between them. The separating wedges have a limit of three times their length. This will depend on the hardness and other factors related to the stone. That is to say, a 20cm wedge can split a 60cm high stone.



Cuña separadora espansora


Within the family of separator wedges we can find:

- separating or expanding wedges (previous photo)

- extra thin spreaders

- guillet spreaders

- Trow & Holden

These types of tools do not differ greatly from each other. The only variation is the material they are made of and that the expanders are usually used for softer stones than the others.

In addition, it is worth mentioning the kit of 5 Trow & Holden wedges made of reinforced steel, being small and of great quality. 

Below, we can see the images of each of the wedges we have just mentioned.


Cuñas separadoras extra finas 

 Cuñas separadoras guillet 


Cuñas separadoras Trow Holden


A good trick to eliminate the small circular marks that these wedges may leave, would be to go over the cutting area with the chisel and in this way we would completely eliminate the marks made on the stone.

 Solid wedges

After having seen in more detail the types of separating wedges, we proceed to know the two types of existing solid wedges.

We should know that solid wedges are composed of a single piece and are usually used in cracks. Within this section we can find specific wedges for sandstone or granite and others that can be used for all materials.


cuña maciza para arenisca y granito



After having made a brief informative tour on wedges and their types, it is important that we know how to identify the type of wedge with which we are going to work the material. To do this, we will take into account the following factors:

- That the height of the stone we want to split determines the appropriate wedge size, we can split stones between 4-6 times the length of the wedge, i.e. 6 cm wedges can split stones of 24 - 36 cm.

- The hardness of the stone to be split must be taken into account. The harder it is, the fewer wedges we will use and the softer it is, the more wedges we will need to use to see results.

- In order to obtain the straightest and most controlled cuts possible, we must place wedges on the sides of the stone or blocks, in order to control the fracture line as straight as possible.


cómo elegir las cuñas



Once we know the process of how to choose the right wedge to work the stone, we have to know how to use them. Here is a series of steps to follow for their correct use:

- The first thing is to make a dividing line where we want to split the stone.

- When drilling the holes we must take into account only the diameter of the shims of the wedge without the wedge.

- The separation that we must leave between them will be approximately 10cm to 15 cm, taking into account that for more difficult divisions we will have to drill a greater number of holes and closer to each other. When the stones are very large it is advisable to put wedges on the sides to obtain a straighter cut.

- Keep in mind that if the stone has natural veins it will break there and not along the line of division that we have just marked.

- Now we would insert the two shims in the hole taking into account that the ears should face the fracture line of the stone and never the division line.

- The shim should protrude approximately 2/3 of its length through the top of the building.

- Once the wedges are in place, the wedges should be struck firmly and rhythmically with a mallet or light hammer, but without forcing. It is also important to gradually increase the pressure. In the next step we will proceed to listen and look for signs of fracture. It is very important to be patient in this type of work, as there will be times when we will have to repeat this same process again until the stone fractures. We must take into account that we will have difficult fractures, so we will have to let the stone rest occasionally so that the pressure exerted by the wedge can act.





So far, we had seen in a more detailed way the types of wedges that are used to work the stone. Below, we will make a brief summary highlighting some types of stone, although in previous articles such as what types of stone for carving are there, we can find the various options of existing stone with which to work in a more comprehensive manner.


First of all, we can highlight marble, being this a metamorphic stone, which is subjected to high temperatures reaching a high level of crystallization. When working with marble, it is easier when it is freshly cut.  Although, we must take into account that it tends to break quite easily, since it has a very fine surface. Limestone


Is considered a sedimentary stone composed of calcium carbonate, and may sometimes contain certain doses of minerals such as clay or quartz. One of the qualities for which limestone stands out is its high level of resistance to weathering.


Regarding granite, we could say that it is one of the most elegant stones there is, being more complicated to find because it originates in specific places. It is composed of quartz, mica and alkaline feldspars. Some of the characteristics that we should highlight is that, thanks to the fact that part of its composition is quartz, it has a greater resistance and durability.


Finally, sandstone is formed from the sinking of a sand bed in the earth's crust, heated and compressed by the pressure of other sediments. Water at high temperatures adds dissolved minerals such as quartz or iron oxide.

Rock&Tools Wedge Catalog

We hope you found this article about the types of wedges for splitting stone interesting and useful. We are open to any kind of suggestions about topics you would like us to cover and we would also like to know your opinion about the types of wedges available and your experience if you have used any of them.

Each person has different needs and that is why we personalize our advice. If you have any doubt about the wedges we offer or about any other tool, we leave you our contact methods:

Phone: +34 96 424 10 23

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We have a team of professionals who can assist you in Spanish, English and French.



In previous articles of our blog in Rock&Tools, such as pneumatic tools – advantages, types, safety and maintenance, we gave you an introduction to what pneumatic tools are and their differences in terms of manual tools. Next, in this article, more detailed information regarding this type of tool will be presented with the help of the artist and sculptor Ruben Llano who will explain to us through videos what pneumatic tools are, how to treat them and how to use them properly


The pneumatic tool was created with the purpose of helping the sculptor and artist to carry out their work in a faster and more efficient way.

Unlike manual tools, such as a manual hammer, pneumatic tools have greater power and speed that will help you do the same job in less time.

These were created between 1888 and 1890 by William Holden with the intention of creating works more quickly, since, at that time, it was a practice that was the order of the day. This practice was carried out both in the construction of homes, businesses, cathedrals... so it was in great demand. For this, stones such as limestone, granite or sandy were generally used.

At the same time, in the same decade, a class of jackhammers was also being developed in Italy that completely changed the process of sculpting in stone. It was then that Cuturi pneumatic tools were born.

If you want to know more about Cuturi tools, in our blog section you can find a detailed article about these tools: Cuturi pneumatic hammers – types of stone, advantage and models.

In addition, in the following video from his “Carving Academy”, the artist and sculptor Ruben Llano explains in detail what pneumatic tools are and what they are used for.


Once we have used the tools, we must clean the surface and remove the dust to prevent the tool from rusting. To do this, we will use a towel or paper and pass it over the surface of the entire tool. Once we have cleaned the tool, we will keep it covered with paper or cloth to prevent dirt and moisture from entering the tool. Then we will store it in a dry place. In turn, if we are not going to use it for a long period, it is advisable to pour oil from time to time and thus prevent the piston from rusting.

In our online store you can find an oil for pneumatic hammers.

Ruben Llano explains in more detail the most appropriate way to clean and store our tools:


When using pneumatic tools, a number of specific items are needed.

For the pneumatic tool to work, it is vitally important to have an air compressor of about 3 horsepower and a large capacity tank to store a large amount of air.

Next, we will also need a valve to open, close and regulate the air when we need it, a water filter to, as its name indicates, help filter the water that enters the compressor and a good hose to transport the air . The best option are those that are more flexible. At Rock&Tools you can find the following model:

4-meter hose for pneumatic hammers that includes an air flow regulator tap.


To work the stone correctly we will also need plumbing tape and some adapters to connect the hose to the pneumatic one, among others. Ruben Llano explains in the following video everything we need in a more detailed way.


Once we have the hose and the tool, we recommend buying an adapter to properly connect both items, since, over time and use, it is very likely that the pneumatic inlet will end up being damaged.

Next, we connect them to the air compressor, we place the hose and the valve to regulate the air that enters and, as mentioned above, a water separator to filter it. In this way we will prevent water from entering the tire and it from rusting.

In the following video, Ruben Llano explains everything we need to know before connecting pneumatic tools to an air compressor.


At Rock&Tools we are specialized in pneumatic tools so, if you have any questions, do not hesitate to contact us so that we can advise you on everything you need.

And finally, to anyone who wants to know more about the technique of sculpting in stone, we encourage you to read other articles on our blog. In turn, we also invite you to follow our Social Network accounts, as well as to join our Art Space, a place where you can share the result of your sculptures made with pneumatic tools!



As we mentioned in the previous article Pneumatic tools – advantages, types, safety and maintenance, pneumatic tools are distinguished by operating through pneumatic force, using compressed air. In other words, pneumatic tools, unlike manual tools, are machines that work thanks to pressurized air, which is why they are characterized by needing an air compressor to be able to operate with them.


Once we make the decision to enter the world of stone carving, the first and most important thing is to select the type of stone with which we are going to work, the following being the most common when it comes to sculpting.

  • Limestone: it is known for being the main material used in Ancient Egypt for the creation of large sculptures such as the Great Sphinx. This type of stone is soft and easy to work with, which makes it one of the most suitable stones to start learning to carve in stone.


  • Marble: worldwide known as “the queen of stones”. It was the most desired stone in antiquity and the Renaissance era, since it allowed a great variety of finishes in terms of texture, smoothness, roughness, shine and opacity. At the same time, it has very fine, subtle and very delicate finishes, which makes it an ideal stone to create perfect carvings and sculptures featuring a beautiful white color that, on many occasions, are exhibited in large museums.


  • Sandstone: it is a sedimentary rock that hardens over time. It is characterized by its porous nature, which makes it completely resistant to polishing and ideal for making architectural pieces such as columns and gargoyles.3
  • Alabaster: known for its marble-like finish, it is one of the easiest stones to carve because it can be carved using any type of tool. However, it is not recommended to expose it outdoors, especially in cold climates, since it can disintegrate at low temperatures. We can find it in different colors, brown and white being the most common.4
  • Granite: it is considered the strongest stone when used for carving. As it is such a hard stone, it is difficult to work with, therefore, for its correct work, specific carbide tools that withstand said hardness are required. Currently, being such a durable stone as well as elegant, granite is generally used for home decoration, either as a kitchen countertop or in bathrooms.



Once we are clear about the type of stone we want to work with, we must carefully study which tool is the most suitable for working with said stone.

The pneumatic hammers of the Italian brand Cuturi, which has an experience of more than 150 years, are one of the best options when selecting a tool for this type of activity and stones, since they help to carve practically any stone of quickly, easily and efficiently. It is a type of tool that, having a balanced combination of quality, speed, delicacy and work performance, is very useful.

Cuturi pneumatic hammers are very valuable tools due to their high speed and are characterized by being used to shape or smooth a surface. It is characterized by being small but very powerful tools that work thanks to an air pressure that is produced by an air compressor.

Air compressors are defined as large air tanks made up of connected motors. The air, through the tube that connects the compressor with the tire, travels from the compressor to the pneumatic hammers. This causes the pistons to move up and down. The piston is part of the jackhammer, being the only part that moves. This is located inside a cylinder to which the compressed air reaches. In this way the metal piston moves up and down, thus imitating the movement of a hammer.

A considered small sized jackhammer typically has a 5/16 inch or 1/1 inch diameter piston, while large ones may have a ¾ or 1 inch diameter piston. That has nothing to do with the size of the chisel, as most chisels have a ¼, ½ or 5/5 inch shank.

Keep in mind that air pressure varies depending on the size of the air tool. That is why, despite the fact that air compressors are a completely safe instrument, our main recommendation is always to acquire a certified tool that guarantees the highest quality and safety, both in its manufacture and in compliance with the protocols related to user protection.


Another point in favor of the Italian brand Cuturi is that it has a wide variety of tools, each one made to measure for each type of size. It has a total of 10 different sizes, each one of them designed for a specific occasion. Although each model has its own characteristics, the 10 models have a series of common characteristics, such as resistance to oxidation (to guarantee this, we recommend cleaning and lubricating it properly and frequently with Cuturi oil and thus maintain its excellent performance over time) and the long periods of work they support, from 8 to 12 hours a day.


This is a very powerful jackhammer, which makes it a very good option for large sculptures as it will get the job done faster and more efficiently. Thanks to its chisels it is capable of demolishing an infinity of materials such as marble, granite, sandstone... Despite being ideal for working on large sculptures, if the pressure is lowered, you can work on smaller projects, yes, always carefully and after having practiced it beforehand.



2,6 Kg

Piston diameter

1 inch - 1/4 inch

Tool input

16 mm

It has characteristics very similar to the Cuturi Z, it is a very powerful tool, but with slightly smaller dimensions.


2 Kg

Piston diameter

1 inch - 1/8 inch

Tool input

12,5 mm

The Cuturi S model has a medium dimension and is ideal for working with stones of any size due to its great power, especially on marble or soft stones. This makes it ideal for beginners.


1,7 Kg

Piston diameter

1 inch

Tool input

12,5 mm

Ideal for creating details at low air pressure, since, being a medium-sized tool, it helps control the cutting force. Good choice for working on marble, limestone, soapstone, granite, sandstone, alabaster, and wood.


1,5 Kg

Piston diameter

1 inch

Tool input

12,5 mm

It has an ideal power to carve small sculptures and rocky materials such as wood.


1,1 Kg

Piston diameter

3/4 inch

Tool input

12,5 mm

Deal tool for those who work with these tools for hours, since it is a fairly light tire, but with enough power to work with it.


700 g

Piston diameter

5/8 inch

Tool input

12,5 mm

Made to work in every detail of the works done with marble, limestone, sandstone, granite, soapstone, alabaster and wood. It offers total control to work both small and large areas, especially when it comes to fragile and delicate areas.


430 g

Piston diameter

9/16 inch

Tool input

12,5 mm

Ideal for creating small realistic details in a sculpture. In turn, it works with practically any type of stone.


240 g

Piston diameter

7/16 inch

Tool input

7,5 mm

Ideal for the really small details, especially if you're working with marble. It is a very easy and smooth tool to control.


90 g

Piston diameter

1/4 inch

Tool input

5 mm

It is the smallest pneumatic hammer of all, it comes with 3 chisels and is ideal for those who want to start entering the world of carving.


90 g

Piston diameter

1/4 inch

Tool input

5 mm

At Rock&Tools we have a wide catalog of Cuturi pneumatic tools, including all the models mentioned above.

And finally, to anyone who wants to know more about stone carving, we encourage you to read other articles on our blog. In turn, we also invite you to follow our Social Network accounts, as well as to join our Art Space, a place where you can share the result of your works!



As mentioned in the same name, pneumatic tools are distinguished by operating through pneumatic force, using compressed air. In other words, pneumatic tools, unlike manual tools, are machines that work thanks to pressurized air, which is why they are characterized by needing an air compressor to be able to operate with them.

The main complementary accessory, therefore, and necessary for any pneumatic tool is an air compressor, which works through a system that collects outside air, stores it through a compression system and finally expels it.

The use of compressed air as the main source of energy has a wide variety of advantages, highlighting the saving of both physical effort and work. It is a type of tool that, despite its sometimes large dimensions, is very light and manageable.

At the same time, they are very safe tools that do not generate electrical risks such as sparks or fires. They also stand out for their great power, which makes them ideal tools with which to work on the realization of various sculptures. However, in addition to stone, a wide variety of materials such as metal, plastic, concrete or marble can be worked with pneumatic tools.

Items needed to use pneumatic tools

When entering the world of pneumatic tools, we must take into account a series of elements, several of which are essential for the correct use of these tools.

  1. Compressor: One of the main factors is the proper choice of compressor. In the event that it is going to be used occasionally, at Rock&Tools we recommend that you purchase a generic compressor. However, if you want to use it more professionally, we recommend purchasing a higher quality compressor. If you need advice about the model that best suits your type of work, contact us and we will be happy to help you.

    Once we are clear about the use that we are going to give it, we must bear in mind that the power must be at least 3 CV, in order to avoid problems in the performance of the pneumatic hammers. However, if you already have a 2 HP power compressor, we recommend not changing it, but working with it and, depending on the demands of the work, evaluating another possible investment in the future.
  1. Boiler: Once we are clear about the type of compressor that best suits us, we must ensure that the compressor's boiler has a minimum capacity of 56 liters and a maximum of 100.
  1. Hose for compressed air: For greater efficiency in the performance of pneumatic tools, at Rock&Tools we also consider it essential to acquire the appropriate hose.
  1. Regulator filter: This is an optional but highly recommended element, as it removes all moisture from the air entering the hammer. This is placed between the compressor and the hose.
  1. Lubricator regulator filter: like the previous one, it eliminates humidity from the air, regulates pressure, and also lubricates automatically, which will allow you to always have your hammer in the right conditions.
  1. Oil to lubricate: From Rock&Tools we recommend the correct lubrication of the tools before starting to manipulate them.
  1. Pneumatic hammer: This tool allows us to connect other types of tools such as chisels or bush hammers. It is characterized by having much more power than a manual hammer. As for pneumatic hammers, we find a wide variety of types such as the anti-vibration pneumatic hammer, conical pneumatic hammer or ergonomic pneumatic hammer, among others. They will be specified later.
  1. Pneumatic pen: it is mainly used for engraving and restoration on many surfaces that need to be treated with a certain delicacy.


We are specialized in pneumatic tools. Do not hesitate to contact us so that we can advise you on the best option according to your needs! In turn, in our online store we have a wide variety of types of pneumatic tools, highlighting the following:

- Anti-vibration pneumatic hammer

It stands out for its anti-vibration rubber that surrounds the hammer to eliminate part of the vibrations of the work, which makes it an ideal tool for working on all types of stones.

Martillo neumático antivibración

- Standard pneumatic hammer

With its 12.5mm tool connection, it is a type of jackhammer that can be used on all kinds of materials, beyond stone.

Martillo neumático estandar

- Ergonomic pneumatic hammer

Our ergonomic pneumatic hammers for stonemasons and sculptors with a connection of 12.7 x 50, are ideal for carving and stone work.

Martillo neumatico ergonómico

- Conical pneumatic hammer

Medium to heavy weight chipping hammer for pointers, bush hammering and chiselling. And with a diameter of 13 mm.

Martillo neumatico cónico

- Widia Toolkit

Case of 7 widia chisels of different sizes to work with pneumatic hammers. Chisels for all types of materials. Connection of D.12.5mm tools ideal for pneumatic hammers with cylindrical connection of 12.5mm-12.7mm.

Kit herramientas widia


Pneumatic Tool Safety and Maintenance

Although pneumatic tools are a safe article, we must take into account a series of considerations to use them correctly and at the same time take care of their maintenance.

  • Customer safety is the top priority and protecting yourself properly is essential. That is why at Rock&Tools we have created a safety kit that includes a pair of reusable earplugs, 3 pairs of disposable earplugs, a mask that offers protection against stone dust, safety glasses and anti-vibration gloves half finger
  • Once we are adequately protected and before starting to manipulate the tools, it is also advisable to lubricate it. We will apply it by placing the tool with the air inlet facing upwards and then we will add a few drops of tool lubricant. Then we will connect the hose, in this way the oil will spread internally. At Rock&Tools we have an oil for pneumatic hammers.
  • In turn, before starting to manipulate our pneumatic tool, we must first make sure that it is correctly connected to the compressor, that is, that the thread has been completely tightened.
  • Next, once we have used the tools, we must make sure to leave the compressor hose disconnected.
  • Finally, it is of vital importance that, once the tools have been used, we clean them correctly and store them in a dry place in order to avoid the possible appearance of rust.

we help you work with pneumatic tools

At Rock & Tools we are specialized in pneumatic tools so, if you have any questions, do not hesitate to contact us so that we can advise you on everything you need.

And, finally, to anyone who wants to know more about the dry stone technique, we encourage you to read other articles on our blog. At the same time, we also invite you to follow our Social Network accounts, as well as to join our Art Space, a place where you can share the result of your works.

¿How to build a dry stone wall?

¿How to build a dry stone wall?

Before starting to build a dry stone wall, we must take into account several issues to learn more about this technique and thus make the wall correctly, stable and safe. That will be the goal of this article. But if you want to know more about the dry stone technique, we invite you to visit our blog article on dry stone – tools, techniques and construction manuals.

It is important to start from the basis that in a pile of stones we find pieces of all types and we must know how to recognize and select them. Each of the stones that will form our wall will have its place in the building. They are all useful, even the cumbersome, the shapeless, and the brittle.

The first pile of stones is, without a doubt, the most important, since after a great deal of work, the stones that obstruct the arable land of the hillside are deposited. From this pile we will extract what we will need to build the wall. To better capture its composition and verify that we are not missing elements, we will sort it into sub-heaps, by size and shape.

The great secret of traditional construction is the fit between the stones and not their union with mortar. Even more so in dry stone construction. This concern for a good fit forces us to look for flat surfaces, well-adjusted stones, fill the thickness of the wall row by row, distribute and place small and medium-sized stones between them and, finally, use small wedges as a last resort.

Families of stones used in the construction of walls

Before starting to make a dry stone wall, we have to know the different families of stones that we can find.

  1. Masonry

It is the queen stone of the wall, the parameter stone that has a flat face that is called “in masonry”, the one that is left visible. It also needs a good support, on which it rests with stability on the wall under construction, an upper face suitable to receive the continuity of the wall and a sufficient depth to be well anchored.

  1. Matacan

The machicolation remains in the lower part of the wall, it lays the foundations for it, it resists the thrust from behind the slope or the water, if the wall supports a terrace. Using ramps we can climb machicolations to two courses or even three. However, a machicolation that is integrated halfway up a wall runs the risk of breaking its coherence and the solidarity of its elements: it will be too heavy in relation to the surrounding stones and will not intersect well with them.

That is to say, it is a stone with a good face, but being too big to be lifted, it remains in the lower part of the wall.

  1. The great reports

First cousins ​​of the machicolations, but without good faces, they take their place at the base of the back padding, where they also contribute their weight. They fit well into the floor, even hollowing it out, for a better fit. The medium and small reports are located between the large ones, arranged as tightly as possible.

  1. Brands

They are masonry that penetrate the wall in depth, anchoring it. There may be counters that, locked with them, take over from these in the anchorage of the cigar: thus prolonging the anchorage in depth, but with an articulation that will adapt to eventual internal thrusts. In fact, the risk that a long stem runs is that it breaks if the wall in its depth, less homogeneous than in the parameter, is compressed. The post must therefore be chosen for its length, but also for its robustness.

  1. The auctions

The upper part of the wall plays a role of pressure, resistance to erosion, the passage of animals, humans, wind... Visually, it indicates the finish of the wall, by the line it follows and by the choice and organization of the materials that constitute it. The crowning must be foreseen from the initial phase of the mound and reserve the stones of the auction.

Rock & Tools tools to assemble a dry stone wall

We are specialized in the construction of dry stone walls and we offer all kinds of services, advice and tools for its correct execution. Next, we highlight the following products from our catalogue, but on our web you can find many more.

  1. Mace dry stone edge

One head in hammer, the other in shear perpendicular to the handle. An ideal tool to use on light stones.

Imagen 1


They are all composed of a piece of tempered iron with a central hole where the wooden handle is placed. One part has a square and flat section (which can be used as a hammer to hit) and the other part ends in a point.

Imagen 2

3.Dry stone point hammer

It is similar to a pickaxe, however the blunt end allows for squaring to avoid builging. It is the basic tool of hard stone Works.

Imagen 3

4.Splitting hammer

Widia splitting hammers are used to split the stone into two parts. It can be used directly by hitting the stone, or it can be placed on top of the stone and hit the back with another mallet.

Imagen 4


Guillet Carbide Pitcher to work all types of stones.


In addition, on our YouTube channel you will also find tutorial videos on how to use some of these tools.

How to build a dry stone wall?

Once we are clear about the types of stones that we can find and the tools with which we should work, it is time to get down to work and build our stone wall. For this, it is important to follow the following steps.

  1. The place

The first decision we have to make when building a dry stone wall is to choose the right place. Once the place has been decided, with a mini-excavator we will dig lightly to lay the foundations for the wall, at the same time that we open the path of the work. This will serve to deposit from time to time the piles of stones that supply the segments of the wall under construction.      

Imagen 1.1                                     

2. Soil preparation and first row

Once the wall is founded on the clayey earth, barely semi-excavated less than 20 centimeters and naturally packed, the deep base of the wall and its flexibility will accommodate it.

The first row will be made up of especially heavy machicolations, but which have been carved previously to give them their own face and with sides that fit the adjoining stones. Next, on the back of these large face stones, the zaborra, both medium and small, is pressed.

Imagen 2.2

3. Placing a masonry

Stones that have a good face are used in the parameter. Here the masonry will rest on horseback on two masonry from the preceding row, to cross them well; good face in the parameter, triangular tip sinking into the wall.

Imagen 3.3

4. Placement of a firebrand

The purpose of placing a marker is to anchor the wall in depth with a long stone, crossing it at the same time with the stones of the lower row.

Imagen 4.4

5. Avoid gaps and order the faces well

When it comes to correctly avoiding gaps, we must fill an oblique gap with a masonry that is not very large but very well adjusted in width and height, completed behind by two small zaborras.

Imagen 5.5

6. Filling of the internal part

In the construction of the internal part of the wall, zaborra is used. After the selection of stones, we will place them on the wall. The large stones, interlocked with those of the row below, constitute a basic framework. The medium ones fit the big ones. The small ones are messy only during their transport in a bucket. Next, each of them is placed as well as possible between the large and medium ones so that the whole is well tightened and locked.

Imagen 6.6

7. More Padding

It is important to fill our wall in all its thickness with masonry, blight, counter-blight, large, medium and small zaborras. In this way we will make our wall safer and more stable.

Imagen 7.7

8. Fine padding

It is important to highlight the importance of a good final filling to finish supporting the stones with each other, placing the smallest ones last and giving them a stable place. In the case of placing them in disorder, they will have a tendency, in the event of deformation of the wall, to slide downwards, thus aggravating the deformation of the parameter, which we call the “bag of marbles” effect.

Imagen 8.8

9. Assemble the ladder

In case we want to include a staircase in our wall, it is important to know that the part of the step that remains inside the wall must be heavier, even before ballasting it with the following rows of the wall. At least two-thirds of the stone should be inside.

Imagen 9.9

10. Finish off

For the crowning of the wall we must have previously reserved some heavy and tall stones, with quite regular upper, lower and lateral faces. In turn, it is recommended to measure in advance the height of the auction that we will have to look for in our pile of stones. For the rest, the way to build the auction is the same. Work the last stones with those of the lower row, regularly introduce firebrands that will anchor the wall in depth, frame the back of the wall with large, medium and small zaborra.

Imagen 10.10

Contact Rock & Tools so we can help you build a stone wall

We are specialized in the construction of stone walls, so if you have any questions, do not hesitate to contact us so that we can advise you on everything you need.

And finally, to anyone who wants to know more about the dry stone technique, we encourage you to read our blog articles. In turn, we also invite you to join both our Social Network community and our Art Space, a place where you can share the results of your works!


You can find this and much more in the Rock and Tools La piedra seca book.


Dry stone – Construction tools, techniques and manuals

Dry stone – Construction tools, techniques and manuals

What is the dry stone technique?

Dry Stone technique refers to the process of building stone constructions by conjoining them without the use of any material for their consolidation, such as mortar or mortar.

The dry stone technique, which is a ancient tradition, was one of the first human approaches to stone construction. Mainly, its structures are found in rural areas and steep terrain, either in populated spaces, or in unpopulated spaces.

It’s stability is due to a combination of careful selection and installation of the stones. It is vital that the stonemason study in depth the pairing and balance of each piece by combining stones of different sizes. It is through this process that greater stability, functionality and aesthetics is achieved.

In 2018, this technique was declared a Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity, a candidacy in which countries such as Greece, Cyprus, France and Italy, among others, participated to respect and celebrate this method, especially in regards to it’s environmentally friendly and sustainable practice cosidering it uses local materials.

Different dry stone techniques

When working with dry Stone, there are four main ways of placing the pieces:

  • Ordinary placement: This technique does not follow any type of specific order.
  • Laying on gravel: In this technique, stones are applied into mortar joints, which allows  larger stones to be fitted.
  • Laying by rows: With this technique the stones are laid in a linear fashion, giving the impression that a regular row is being created.
  • Orderly and oblique placement: apart from being arranged in rows, the stones are placed obliquely.

There are all types of stones, even if they are from the same pile. They are all useful, even the brittle ones. Of course, you have to know how to recognize them and correctly select them.  This traditional practice is defined by the ability to combine and construct the stones without the use of mortar to bind them

Recommendations for working with dry stone

These are recommendations for correctly using this technique:

  • Look for flat surfaces which allow the stones to be combined without risk of collapsing from instability.
  • Adjust the stones so each fit ensures maximum stability.
  • Fill in all the gaps. This is done by using formless stones that are interspersed to fill any crevices in the structure.
  • Determine the thickness of each row by considering it’s parameter.
  • Structural balance is achieved not by the amount of large strones, but the distribution of small and medium stones throughout the structure.
  • Small wedges should be used only as a last resort, specifically, to prevent the stones from wobbling.

Dry stone tools at Rock & Tools

At Rock & Tools we specialize in dry stone and we offer all kinds of services, guidance and tools to anyone who wants to specialize  or simply experiment with this technique.


In this photo we would find the following tools, all of them available on our website:

a. Concave Head Mallet

This hammer has a special shape, the end is curved and slightly concaved, allowing the two protruding edges to square the stones or reduce their dimensions

Captura de pantalla 2022 05 31 a las 12.55.56

b. Dry stone point hammer

It is similar to a pickaxe, however the blunt end allows for squaring to avoid builging. It is the basic tool of hard stone works.

Captura de pantalla 2022 05 31 a las 12.56.17

c. Lump hammer 

These hammers are used to hit different tools, such as pointers, scarps and reamers (moles). Splitting Wedges are made of steel with bevoled edges and a wooden handle.  

Captura de pantalla 2022 05 31 a las 12.56.35

d. Lump hammer sharp edges 

The hammer with sharp edges can be used both as a lump hammer and to square the stone with the edges of the hammer. It is made of hardened steel.

Captura de pantalla 2022 05 31 a las 12.56.51

e. Chisel

Used to smooth and clean the Surface of the stones.

Captura de pantalla 2022 05 31 a las 12.57.08

f. Pointer

They are all composed of a piece of tempered iron with a central hole where the wooden handle is placed. One part has a square and flat section (which can be used as a hammer to hit) and the other part ends in a point.

Captura de pantalla 2022 05 31 a las 12.57.16

g. Mace dry stone edge

One head in hammer, the other in shear perpendicular to the handle. An ideal tool to use on light stones.

Captura de pantalla 2022 05 31 a las 12.57.35

Other tools we want to highlight

Other options that you will find in our catalog are books that talk about the techniques to use with dry stone and other quality tools.

Our Widia tool set, ideal for dry stone professionals and teachers.This set includes:

  • 1 Widia Scafiler 40mm
  • 1 Widia Pointer
  • 1 Escarpment Widia 30 mm
  • 1 Steel Mace with sharp edges
  • 1 Case

Captura de pantalla 2022 05 31 a las 13.00.47

  • Different books in which to know the dry stone in depth.

These books that feature beautiful photographs, allows you to discover the world of dry Stone landscapes that were built by anonymous architectures that have found a new role of relevency.

Dry stone specialists who offer passionate knowledge and share their experiences.

 A practical chapter details the construction of a wall in images and offers everyone, private or professional, the instruction of building or restoring works in dry stone.

In this article we highlight three books:

1. The dry stone

2. Dry stone construction

3. Stone walls

Captura de pantalla 2022 05 31 a las 13.00.53

Solid one-piece shims are often used in cracks or cuts made with the grinder.

Captura de pantalla 2022 05 31 a las 13.01.01

The lever is mainly used to move large stones. The levers have a sharp point on one side and a flat nail-shaped tip on the other.

Captura de pantalla 2022 05 31 a las 13.01.04

Splitting wedges, also called expanders or expanders, are used to split larger stones into two parts.Captura de pantalla 2022 05 31 a las 13.01.08

All the tools can be consulted on our website. And if you need a specific one that you cannot find in our catalogue, you can contact us and we will locate it for you.

And, in addition,  You can find tutorials for our tools on our youtube channel. For example, the wedges, the escafilador or the pointer.

Dry stone today

Due to it’s agricultural, architectural and cultural origens dry stone is  still a current technique that is present in the following:

  • Construction of roads: These roads offer a distinct and unqiue aesthetic where tourists can marvel and appreciate the charm of local área.
  • Dams: numerous small mountain dams are lined with dry stone because they are effective in providing resistance to flowing wáter.
  • The anti-avalanches: in the mountains a construction technique has been developed using only local material, to combat the natural phenomena of rockfall or snow avalanches. These walls are both used for protective measures and as guiding routes for hiking trails.
  • For civil safety: international researchers have attested to the value of dry stone terraces in water management in arid zones and the consideration of risks such as landslides, erosion, runoff, floods and fires.
  • For the terroir: The beauty of the agricultural landscape enhances the reputation of its productions, its tourist attraction and its ability to remain alive. It contributes to the visual identity of it’s local surroundings, in which tourists can appreciate the ancient tradition which in turn keeps it alive and relevant

Dry stone constructions in the world

Dry stone is a technique that is present all over the world. Some where only the structures of the past remain and others where the tradition is still practiced today.

In the region of Cumbria, located in the northwest of England, there are the forty lakes of the Lake District National Park that contain peaks that rise up to 90 meters in height and where dry stone construction elements are found, formed by bare rocks, granite balls scattered in the bed of rivers or recovered for dry construction. All this will be transformed into paved bridges, sheepfolds or fences.


In the Japanese city of Nara, located in the Kansai region, there is a hill with an important Buddhist sanctuary built in the 8th century and with it’s Stone wall dating back to the same century.


On the Vaucluse plateau, France, we find the Plague Wall, an unusual and mighty wall built with the dry stone technique that crosses the Vaucluse mountains for 27km.

Dry stone constructions in Spain

The dry stone technique plays a major role in our landscapes, thus providing a seal of quality to our territory.

In Enguera (Valencia), there are several cuckoos or huts, all of them made with the aforementioned dry stone technique. It is a construction so well known in Valencia that there is even a famous Enguera cuckoo route.


In Menorca there also f a great variety of constructions made with dry stone, many of which have become well known. Such is the prominence that this technique takes on the island, that it is estimated that more than 11,000 kilometers have been built on it.


In Galicia, specifically in the town of O rosal, there are is a well-known route  the Molinos del Folón and del Picón, which covers a total of 60 mills located in a cascade and built in the 18th century, all of them with the dry stone technique. This route has been declared by the Junta de Galicia as an Asset of Cultural Interest.


At Rock & Tools we can help you work with dry stone

At Rock & Tools specialize in this technique, so if you have any questions, we encourage you to contact us for advice. We have a wide catalog of tools so that you can achieve a perfect result in your works.

And one last piece of advice for all stone artists: read our blog. You can also join our community and upload your works to our Art Space so that it becomes a meeting point for professionals! We encourage you to join our social networks and follow our latest posts.

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Recomended products Stone carving tools

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